Wednesday, July 26, 2017
I recently attended the annual conference on all things Thoreauvian. I came away with the impression that in a room of 200+ people, it would have been hard to throw a book and not hit an author. Thoreau as topic is infinitely rich, and so fertile ground for those practicing the craft of non-fiction writing. Writers of fiction think of their product as art. Thus, they are more likely than non-fiction writers to muse on the nature of their artistic toil. A selection of quotes by writers on writing, gleamed from several websites:
We do not write because we want to; we write because we have to. -
Writing is not necessarily something to be ashamed of, but do it in private and wash your hands afterwards. - Robert Heinlein
Never let the truth get in the way of a good story - not Mark Twain, although frequently attributed to him.
A blank piece of paper is God's way of telling us how hard it to be God. - Sidney Sheldon
I try to leave out the parts that people skip. - Elmore Leonard
Most editors are failed writers - but so are most writers. - T.S. Eliot
i never think at all when i write nobody can do two things at the same time and do them both well - Don Marquis
The first draft of anything is shit. - Ernest Hemingway
I'm not a very good writer, but I'm an excellent rewriter. - James Michener
One day I will find the right words, and they will be simple. - Jack Kerouac
No tears in the writer, no tears in the reader. No surprise in the writer, no surprise in the reader. - Robert Frost
Everywhere I go I'm asked if I think the university stifles writers. My opinion is that they don't stifle enough of them. - Flannery O'Connor
How vain it is to sit down to write when you have not stood up to live. - Henry David Thoreau
When I am asked "Why do you write?" I answer "It's a disease." I have heard the same answer for people in the restaurant or acting industry. These are professions rife with rejection and failure. The people who persevere are those who cannot imagine doing anything else.
Decades ago, struggling to write a college thesis, I realized that although a voracious reader, I had difficulties with writing. And yet, planning a career in science, I knew that I would always be in the explaining business. From 1975-1980 I took up writing outside my field of nutritional biochemistry by committing to write restaurant reviews, recipe columns and health articles. From 1980 onward, science career launched, my writing was either academic or corporate, i.e., not public.
Starting this LIFE OUTDOORS column in 2009 was a means of reentering the public writer's life. Writing non-fiction, I was told, is a matter of bricks and mortar. The bricks are the facts and the mortar the story tying the facts together. The craft is in managing the right balance of the two.
Thursday, July 13, 2017
See also a March 2017 posting on poem "The Old Marlborough Road."
"If you are ready to leave father and mother, and brother and sister, and wife and child and friends, and never see them again; if you have paid your debts, and made your will, and settled all your affairs, and are a free man; then you are ready for a walk."
|May 2017: U.S. Post Office issues a first class stamp honoring|
the bicentennial of the birth of Henry David Thoreau.
Click on photo to enlarge.
July 12th was the 200th anniversary of the birth of Henry David Thoreau. [Actually, birth-named David Henry Thoreau after his deceased uncle, David Thoreau. Thoreau reversed the order of his names shortly after he graduated
, in 1837. Apparently, growing up, his family had called him Henry rather than David.] The
Thoreau Society recently held its annual gathering of Thoreauvians, to discuss
all things Thoreau, and to celebrate the bicentennial of his birth. Many newly
published books, and the U.S. Post Office issued a stamp. Harvard
“Walking” was the title of one of his essays. His first public reading was at the Concord Lyceum on April 23, 1851. Between 1851 and 1860 Thoreau read from the piece a total of ten times, more than any other of his lectures. “Walking” was published in the June 1862 issue of the Atlantic Monthly, shortly after his death from tuberculosis at age 44. The essay’s length is slightly more than 12,000 words. Various internet sources have the complete essay available on line – some with researchers’ annotations. A few excerpts:
“The West of which I speak is but another name for the Wild; and what I have been preparing to say is, that in Wildness is the preservation of the world.” Thoreau felt that it was necessary for one’s soul to be able to walk in wildness every day. He was aware, however, that his
Massachusetts terrain was not true wildness,
but rather a post-colonial return of once-farmed land to wild meadow and
forest. Thoreau's three excursions to Maine
had brought him into true wildness ("grim"), so he knew the difference.
Thoreau was not a casual walker. “It is true, we are but faint hearted crusaders, even the walkers, now-a-days, who undertake no persevering, never-ending enterprises. Our expeditions are but tours and come round again at evening to the old hearth side from which we set out. Half the walk is but retracing our steps. We should go forth on the shortest walk, perchance, in the spirit of undying adventure, never to return; prepared to send back our embalmed hearts only, as relics to our desolate kingdoms. If you are ready to leave father and mother, and brother and sister, and wife and child and friends, and never see them again; if you have paid your debts, and made your will, and settled all your affairs, and are a free man; then you are ready for a walk.”
Thoreau’s opinions were not humble opinions: “I think that I cannot preserve my health and spirits unless I spend four hours a day at least — and it is commonly more than that — sauntering through the woods and over the hills and fields absolutely free from all worldly engagements… When sometimes I am reminded that the mechanics and shop-keepers stay in their shops not only all the forenoon, but all the afternoon too, sitting with crossed legs, so many of them — as if the legs were made to sit upon, and not to stand or walk upon — I think that they deserve some credit for not having all committed suicide long ago.”
|Wooden dumbbells were a popular type of|
exercise equipment in the 1800s.
Thoreau was aghast at the idea of exercise for its own sake: “But the walking of which I speak has nothing in it akin to taking exercise, as it is called, as the sick take medicine at stated hours — as the swinging of dumb-bells or chairs; but is itself the enterprise and adventure of the day. If you would get exercise go in search of the springs of life. Think of a man’s swinging dumb-bells for his health, when those springs are bubbling up in far off pastures unsought by him.”
Thoreau cherished the meditative rewards of wildness walking: “I am alarmed when it happens that I have walked a mile into the woods bodily, without getting there in spirit. In my afternoon walk I would fain forget all my morning occupations, and my obligations to society. But it sometimes happens that I cannot easily shake off the village. The thought of some work will run in my head, and I am not where my body is; I am out of my senses. In my walks I would fain return to my senses. What business have I in the woods, if I am thinking of something out of the woods?”
A human trial conducted at
concluded that walking surrounded by nature reduced risk of depression more
than walking an equal amount of time in an urban setting. Stanford
A human trial conducted at
Wednesday, July 5, 2017
The Boston Post was a popular and influential newspaper some 100+ years ago. In 1909, Edwin Grozier, the publisher, decided to promote the newspaper by donating ebony shaft, gold-capped canes to the Boards of Selectmen of 700 towns in
Maine, New Hampshire
and Rhode Island. Engraved on the top of the gold head of each
cane were the words "Presented by The Boston Post to the OLDEST CITIZEN of
__________ [name of town and state] (To be transmitted)."
The idea was that the towns would award these BOSTON POST CANES to the oldest male citizen for the remainder of his life, to be returned to the town upon his death, to be awarded to the next oldest, and so on.
The canes were made by J.F. Fradley and Co., a
New York City silversmith
and cane maker. Joseph F. Fradley (1843-1914) began a silversmith business in
1866. His business had an excellent reputation. J.F. Fradley items appear for
sale in fine arts and crafts auctions.
The business was managed by his son, George F. Fradley, at the time the canes were
made. Although many of the newspaper articles about recipients of Boston Post
Canes describe the cane heads as 14 karat gold, some of the internet photos
show wear to reveal non-gold metal underneath, confirming that the cane heads
were gold-plated rather than all gold. This makes sense. Gold, rather than gold
plated, would have made the canes prohibitively expensive, even back in
Women achieved the right to vote in 1920, but it took ten more years before The Boston Post approved a changing of the rules to allow women to be awardees.
The Boston Post went out of business in 1956, but the Boston Post Cane tradition continues in many towns. As years went by some of the canes were misplaced, stolen, sold, lost or destroyed. Some went missing for years, decades even, only to surface again. In time, most towns decided to keep the original cane in a town office or at the local historical society, and either discontinue the practice entirely or else award a plaque to the oldest resident in lieu of the cane.
[http://web.maynard.ma.us/bostonpostcane/], maintained by the Maynard
Historical Society has become a clearinghouse for all things BPC. The starting
point was a 1985 article written by Maynard historian Ralph Sheridan. After his
death in 1996, David Griffin took up the traces, and still gathers news of
canes lost, found and awarded. Boston
|Top of cane showing non-gold metal. This may be silver. If so,|
there may have been layers of copper and nickel between the
silver and gold, to prevent tarnish bleeding through the gold.
Tuesday, July 4, 2017
June and July are the prime months for contracting a tick-borne disease. During these months the vector is the nymph stage, which is about the size of a poppy seed. There is a lessening incidence in August, September and further into fall and winter, as the vector becomes the more easily seen adult female tick (the size of a small apple seed), and also because people spend less time outdoors with the onset of colder weather.
An observation here: the term 'bite' is not descriptive. If not detected, a nymph will latch on for 3-4 days for a blood meal before dropping off; adult females stay attached for 7-10 days. Adult males are not on you for a meal. Rather, they are wandering around looking to find and fertilize a female. This meet-and-mate part of the tick's life cycle is the reason that deer are integral to a region harboring a serious tick disease problem. Small mammals (mice, chipmunks, etc.) are vectors for the larval and nymph stages to become infected, but a large mammal species such as deer is essential for the mating and final blood meal that allows the fertilized adult female tick to lay up to 3,000 eggs.
Lyme, Anaplasmosis and Babesiosis are the big three for
New England, but the full count for tick-borne diseases
now overtops a dozen. More information on tick-vector diseases can be seen as
the Centers for Disease Control website: http://www.cdc.gov/ticks/.
The CDC has great information on the tick diseases, and also on practical
matters such as how to avoid getting bitten by a tick, and what to do once you
have been bitten.
Lyme starts subtle. If the stricken person missed the actual bite, then the first sign is often but not always the signature "bull's eye" rash. Moderate fever, chills, fatigue, muscle ache and a headache may accompany the rash. Only months after the rash and the initial set of symptoms are gone is there a possibility that really bad consequences set in: arthritis, partial facial paralysis, meningitis, limb weakness, and so forth.
Anaplasmosis is not subtle. The symptoms are more akin to being run over by a car, having it circle around to hit you again, and then one more time to park on your head. Some 7 to 10 days after the bite the symptoms arrive all at once: extreme fatigue, high fever, uncontrollable shivering alternating with profuse sweating, night sweats, headache, nausea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, muscle pain, cough, mental confusion, and extreme fatigue. Really extreme.
Babesiosis is not subtle. Symptoms, arriving 10-30 days after being host to a tick, are akin to those of Anaplasmosis, plus it destroys red blood cells and platelets. From the latest data published by the CDC,
Massachusetts has more
cases of Babesiosis than any other state.
The CDC uses the term "malaise," but this does not convey the soul-crushing lethargy of either of these full-speed infections. Not everyone exhibits all the symptoms, and many of these symptoms overlap with what people expect if they have the flu, causing many people to delay seeking a medical evaluation, or doing so, getting a misdiagnosis.
Actually, these days, diagnosis and treatment are straightforward. Do you have some or all of that litany of symptoms, especially fever and fatigue? Were you in any place a week or four ago where there might have been ticks? That's it. A blood sample will be taken, but especially early in the course of the infection the test results can be false negative (says you don't, but you do). Standard medical practice is to start antibiotic treatment immediately. Treatment should never be delayed until the lab results are back. These days, there is an assumption that more than one disease is transmitted from the same tick, so for Babesiosis, doctors may prescribe multiple antibiotics.
Neither casual contact nor intimate sexual contact will pass on any of these diseases, but receiving a blood transfusion has been a confirmed vector. There are no laboratory screening tests to verify that donated blood is not infected.
Not treating infections in a timely fashion can have very serious consequences. Delayed treatment may require hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics. Especially in older or immuno-compromised people there are risks of compromised breathing, kidney failure, nerve damage and death. A practical point - your guests can contact a tick disease here, then travel to regions where doctors may not have tick disease awareness. Your parting words might include "Safe travels, and if you develop a rash or become ill, tell your doctor you were in tick territory."