|Fort Devens, MA: Influenza epidemic afflicted thousands of soldiers. No|
ventilators. No antibiotics. Click on photos to enlarge.
|Town of Maynard, Annual Report for 1918, shows the impact in late Sept.|
and early Oct. The number columns are age in years, months, days.
|Glenwood Cemetery, Maynard, MA. People dying from |
influenza who had no families to claim them were buried
in unrecorded and unmarked graves.
Not in the newspaper column:
Interestingly, deaths in the U.S. may have been in part caused by a recommendation from the the US Surgeon General, the US Navy, and the Journal of the American Medical Association to treat the flu with very high doses of aspirin (8-30 grams). The theory, poorly tested, was that aspirin would lower fever and blunt the immune over-response, but it was not understood that aspirin itself could cause pulmonary edema. An example of too-hasty, try-anything treatment. Starko KM. Salicylates and pandemic influenza mortality, 1918–1919 pharmacology, pathology, and historic evidence. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 49(9);2009:1405–10.